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Travel Medical Advice for Argentina

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Preparing for Your Trip to Argentina


Before visiting Argentina, you may need to get the following vaccinations and medications for vaccine-preventable diseases and other diseases you might be at risk for at your destination: (Note: Your doctor or health-care provider will determine what you will need, depending on factors such as your health and immunization history, areas of the country you will be visiting, and planned activities.)

To have the most benefit, see a health-care provider at least 4–6 weeks before your trip to allow time for your vaccines to take effect and to start taking medicine to prevent malaria, if you need it.

Even if you have less than 4 weeks before you leave, you should still see a health-care provider for needed vaccines, anti-malaria drugs and other medications and information about how to protect yourself from illness and injury while traveling.

CDC recommends that you see a health-care provider who specializes in Travel Medicine.  Find a travel medicine clinic near you. If you have a medical condition, you should also share your travel plans with any doctors you are currently seeing for other medical reasons.

If your travel plans will take you to more than one country during a single trip, be sure to let your health-care provider know so that you can receive the appropriate vaccinations and information for all of your destinations. Long-term travelers, such as those who plan to work or study abroad, may also need additional vaccinations as required by their employer or school.

Immunisations

Malaria

Advice for All Destinations

The risks to health whilst travelling will vary between individuals and many issues need to be taken into account, e.g. activities abroad, length of stay and general health of the traveller. It is recommended that you consult with your General Practitioner or Practice Nurse who will assess your particular health risks before recommending vaccines and /or antimalarial tablets. This is also a good opportunity to discuss important travel health issues including safe food and water, accidents, sun exposure and insect bites. Many of the problems experienced by travellers cannot be prevented by vaccinations and other preventive measures need to be taken.

Ensure you are fully insured for medical emergencies including repatriation. The 'T7' leaflet (from Post Offices) gives details of health care agreements between countries and is accompanied by an application form for the European Health Insurance Card (EHIC). The completed form must submitted about 6 weeks before you plan to leave to allow the card to reach you on time. The EHIC entitles travellers to reduced-cost, sometimes free, medical treatment in most European countries.

Immunisations

Confirm primary courses and boosters are up to date as recommended for life in Britain - including vaccines given to special groups because of risk exposure or complications (e.g. hepatitis B for health care workers, influenza and pneumococcal vaccines for the elderly).

Courses or boosters usually advised: tetanus; hepatitis A, yellow fever. See interim measures under Advice for Travellers below (03/03/08).

Vaccines sometimes advised: diphtheria; typhoid; hepatitis B; rabies. No vaccine certificate required.
Notes on the diseases mentioned above

Tetanus is contracted through dirty cuts and scratches. This is a serious infection of the nervous system.

Typhoid and hepatitis A are spread through contaminated food and water. Typhoid causes septicaemia and hepatitis A causes liver inflammation and jaundice. In risk areas you should be immunised if good hygiene is impossible.

Diphtheria is also spread by droplet infection through close personal contact. Vaccination is advised if close contact with locals in risk areas is likely.

Yellow fever is spread by mosquito bites. It is a serious often fatal illness. Vaccination is recommended for those who travel into risk areas. View yellow fever risk areas.

Hepatitis B is spread through infected blood, contaminated needles and sexual intercourse, It affects the liver, causes jaundice and occasionally liver failure. Vaccination is recommended for those at occupational risk (e.g. health care workers), for long stays or frequent travel to medium and high risk areas, for those more likely to be exposed such as children (from cuts and scratches) and those who may need surgical procedures.

Rabies is spread through bites or licks on broken skin from an infected animal. It is always fatal. Vaccination is advised for those going to risk areas that will be remote from a reliable source of vaccine. Even when pre-exposure vaccines have been received urgent medical advice should be sought after any animal bite.

Malaria

Malaria is a serious and sometimes fatal disease transmitted by mosquitoes. You cannot be vaccinated against malaria.

Malaria precautions

The risk is small and is confined to rural areas along the borders with Bolivia (the lowlands of Salta and Jujuy provinces) and with Paraguay (lowlands of Misiones and Corrientes provinces).
Malaria precautions are essential. Avoid mosquito bites by covering up with clothing such as long sleeves and long trousers especially after sunset, using insect repellents on exposed skin and, when necessary, sleeping under a mosquito net.

Check with your doctor or nurse about suitable antimalarial tablets.

Chloroquine or proguanil is usually recommended for those visiting risk areas.

If you have been travelling in a malarious area and develop a fever seek medical attention promptly. Remember malaria can develop even up to one year after exposure.

If travelling to high risk malarious areas, remote from medical facilities, carrying emergency malaria standby treatment may be considered.

Many travellers visiting Argentina will not require vaccination as the risk of yellow fever infection is limited to areas in the far north and north-east only as described below.

The Ministry of Health for Argentina have extended their recommendations for yellow fever vaccination. Due to ongoing outbreaks in humans being reported in Brazil and Paraguay and monkey cases being reported in Argentina, vaccination is now being recommended for all travellers over the age of 9  months who are going to the following areas; all departments of Formosa and Misiones provinces, including Iguazu Falls; and the Department of Bermejo in Chaco Province; Departments of Berón de Astrada, Capital, General Alvear, General Paz, Itatí, Ituzaingó, Paso de los Libres, San Cosme, San Miguel, San Martín and San Tomé in Corrientes Province; Departments of Valle Grande, Ledesma, Santa Bárbara and San Pedro in Jujuy Province; and Departments of Anta, General José de San Martin, Orán and Rivadavia in Salta Province.

Travellers to Argentina are advised to discuss their plans with a travel advisor or other healthcare professional as yellow fever vaccine is not suitable for everyone eg pregnant travellers and those with impaired immune systems. This vaccine can only be administered at registered centres and may not be available at the General Practitioner.

*****************IMPORTANT INFORMATION*******************

There are confirmed and suspected human cases of A (H1N1) - Swine Flu in Argentina, including confirmed deaths. All travellers to Argentina must fill in a form providing contact details in country and most are being screened on arrival. The Government of Buenos Aires and 17 other Provinces have declared a health emergency due to the latest increase in the number of swine flu cases.  You can check for updates on the number of cases through the Argentine Ministry of Health website: www.msal.gov.ar .  The World Health Organisation (WHO) has raised its Pandemic Threat Alert Phase to Level 6. The WHO website at http://www.who.int/csr/disease/swineflu/en/index.html has further details. You should monitor media reports for any developments and advice. Check Swine Flu for further information.  Guidance on Pandemic Flu can be obtained on the UK Department of Health website at: www.dh.gov.uk .

 


 

You can also check out the Security Travel advice map for Argentina HERE......

The UK Foreign & Commonwealth Office has information relating to Argentina HERE....

You can check out the CDC Malaria Map HERE....

Regards

The SW Team....